Format

Send to

Choose Destination
BMC Med Educ. 2017 Jul 11;17(1):115. doi: 10.1186/s12909-017-0954-8.

Exploring intentions of physician-scientist trainees: factors influencing MD and MD/PhD interest in research careers.

Author information

1
American Physician Scientists Association, Westford, MA, USA. kwanjen@gmail.com.
2
Internal Medicine Physician Scientist Training Program, University of Illinois Chicago, College of Medicine, Chicago, USA. kwanjen@gmail.com.
3
American Physician Scientists Association, Westford, MA, USA. deldaye@gmail.com.
4
Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, USA. deldaye@gmail.com.
5
Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA. deldaye@gmail.com.
6
Pediatrics, University of Illinois Chicago, College of Medicine, Chicago, USA.
7
United States Agency for International Development, Washington, USA.
8
Saving Mothers, Giving Life, Washington, USA.
9
Center for Clinical Translational Sciences, University of Illinois Chicago, College of Medicine, Chicago, USA.
10
University of California, Los Angeles, USA.
11
Dermatology, University of Pennsylvania, Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, USA.
12
University of Washington, Seattle, USA.
13
Medical Scientist Training Program, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, USA.
14
American Physician Scientists Association, Westford, MA, USA.
15
MD/PhD Program, University of Connecticut Health, Farmington, CT, USA.
16
Doctoral Program in Leadership, Creighton University, Omaha, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Prior studies have described the career paths of physician-scientist candidates after graduation, but the factors that influence career choices at the candidate stage remain unclear. Additionally, previous work has focused on MD/PhDs, despite many physician-scientists being MDs. This study sought to identify career sector intentions, important factors in career selection, and experienced and predicted obstacles to career success that influence the career choices of MD candidates, MD candidates with research-intense career intentions (MD-RI), and MD/PhD candidates.

METHODS:

A 70-question survey was administered to students at 5 academic medical centers with Medical Scientist Training Programs (MSTPs) and Clinical and Translational Science Awards (CTSA) from the NIH. Data were analyzed using bivariate or multivariate analyses.

RESULTS:

More MD/PhD and MD-RI candidates anticipated or had experienced obstacles related to balancing academic and family responsibilities and to balancing clinical, research, and education responsibilities, whereas more MD candidates indicated experienced and predicted obstacles related to loan repayment. MD/PhD candidates expressed higher interest in basic and translational research compared to MD-RI candidates, who indicated more interest in clinical research. Overall, MD-RI candidates displayed a profile distinct from both MD/PhD and MD candidates.

CONCLUSIONS:

MD/PhD and MD-RI candidates experience obstacles that influence their intentions to pursue academic medical careers from the earliest training stage, obstacles which differ from those of their MD peers. The differences between the aspirations of and challenges facing MD, MD-RI and MD/PhD candidates present opportunities for training programs to target curricula and support services to ensure the career development of successful physician-scientists.

PMID:
28697782
PMCID:
PMC5505137
DOI:
10.1186/s12909-017-0954-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for BioMed Central Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center