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Womens Health Issues. 2017 Nov - Dec;27(6):666-672. doi: 10.1016/j.whi.2017.06.001. Epub 2017 Jul 8.

Opportunities to Reduce Diabetes Risk in Women of Reproductive Age: Assessment and Treatment of Prediabetes within a Large Integrated Delivery System.

Author information

1
Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Northern California, Oakland, California, USA. Electronic address: cassondra.j.marshall@kp.org.
2
Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Northern California, Oakland, California, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Preventing diabetes before pregnancy may be important to improve maternal and infant outcomes. Although the preconception period is a crucial time to focus on chronic disease prevention, little is known about preventive services for reproductive-aged women at risk of developing diabetes.

METHODS:

Using electronic health record data from patients at Kaiser Permanente Northern California, we identified 21,965 nonpregnant women aged 18 to 44 with incident prediabetes (PDM; fasting plasma glucose [FPG] = 100-125 or glycated hemoglobin A1c = 5.7%-6.4%) between 2007 and 2010. We looked for evidence of a "clinical response" to PDM in the 6 months after laboratory testing, defined as retesting of blood glucose levels, referral or attendance to health education, diagnosis of PDM, metformin initiation, or a clinical note of discussion of PDM. Multilevel models were used to examine the relationship between patient characteristics and clinical response, and to assess provider-level variation.

RESULTS:

Fewer than one-half of women had a documented clinical response to the PDM-range laboratory result. Women with higher FPG values and body mass indexes were more likely to have a PDM diagnosis (FPG 120-125 vs. 100-119: OR, 1.96; 95% CI, 1.78-2.17; body mass index, 30-34 kg/m2 vs. <25 kg/m2: OR, 1.30; 95% CI, 1.13-1.48) and have 'PDM' recorded in the notes (FPG 120-125 vs. 100-119: OR, 1.15; 95% CI, 1.06-1.26; body mass index: 30-34 kg/m2 vs. <25 kg/m2: OR, 1.58; 95% CI, 1.44-1.74). Provider-level variation was modest, except for metformin initiation (intraclass correlation coefficient, 0.8; p < .01).

CONCLUSIONS:

Low clinical response to PDM among women of reproductive age suggests there are missed opportunities for diabetes prevention among this vulnerable population.

PMID:
28694019
DOI:
10.1016/j.whi.2017.06.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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