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BMC Neurol. 2017 Jul 11;17(1):132. doi: 10.1186/s12883-017-0912-4.

Predictors of intensive care unit admission and mortality in patients with ischemic stroke: investigating the effects of a pulmonary rehabilitation program.

Author information

1
Bezmialem Vakif Universitesi Tip Fakultesi Hastanesi, Istanbul, Turkey.
2
Bezmialem Vakif Universitesi Tip Fakultesi Hastanesi, Istanbul, Turkey. drkadirtunc@hotmail.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The aim of this study was to investigate the predictors of intensive care unit (ICU) admission and mortality among stroke patients and the effects of a pulmonary rehabilitation program on stroke patients.

METHODS:

This prospective study enrolled 181 acute ischemic stroke patients aged between 40 and 90 years. Demographical characteristics, laboratory tests, diffusion-weighed magnetic resonance imaging (DWI-MRI) time, nutritional status, vascular risk factors, National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores and modified Rankin scale (MRS) scores were recorded for all patients. One-hundred patients participated in the pulmonary rehabilitation program, 81 of whom served as a control group.

RESULTS:

Statistically, one- and three-month mortality was associated with NIHSS and MRS scores at admission and three months (p<0.001; r=0.440, r=0.432, r=0.339 and r=0.410, respectively). One and three months mortality- ICU admission had a statistically significant relationship with parenteral nutrition (p<0.001; r=0.346, r=0.300, respectively; r=0.294 and r=0.294, respectively). Similarly, there was also a statistically significant relationship between pneumonia onset and one- and three-month mortality- ICU admission (p<0.05; r=0.217, r=0.127, r=0.185 and r=0.185, respectively). A regression analysis showed that parenteral nutrition (odds ratio [OR] =13.434, 95% confidence interval [CI] =1.148-157.265, p=0.038) was a significant predictor of ICU admission. The relationship between pulmonary physiotherapy (PPT) and ICU admission- pneumonia onset at the end of three months was statistically significant (p=0.04 and p=0.043, respectively).

CONCLUSION:

This study showed that PPT improved the prognosis of ischemic stroke patients. We believe that a pulmonary rehabilitation program, in addition to general stroke rehabilitation programs, can play a critical role in improving survival and functional outcomes.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

NCT03195907 . Trial registration date: 21.06.2017 'Retrospectively registered'.

KEYWORDS:

Intensive care unit; Mortality; Pulmonary rehabilitation; Stroke

PMID:
28693521
PMCID:
PMC5504678
DOI:
10.1186/s12883-017-0912-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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