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J Vet Sci. 2018 Jan 31;19(1):117-128. doi: 10.4142/jvs.2018.19.1.117.

Evaluation of a fixed-dose combination of benazepril and pimobendan in dogs with congestive heart failure: a randomized non-inferiority clinical trial.

Author information

1
Elanco Animal Health, Basel CH-4002, Switzerland.
2
Petclinic Halleluya Kasuya Hospital, Fukuoka 811-2304, Japan.
3
Elanco Japan K.K., Tokyo 107-0052, Japan.
4
Elanco Animal Health, Basingstoke RG24 9NL, United Kingdom.

Abstract

A fixed-dose combination tablet of benazepril and pimobendan (Fortekor Plus; Elanco Animal Health) was tested in dogs with congestive heart failure (CHF) caused by myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD) in a three-arm, masked, randomized, non-inferiority clinical trial in Japan. The test group (n = 34) received Fortekor Plus twice daily. Two control groups received registered formulations of benazepril (Fortekor; Elanco Animal Health) and pimobendan (Vetmedin; Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica) with administration of Vetmedin twice daily and Fortekor twice (Control I, n = 14) or once (Control II, n = 19) daily. Diuretics were used in 22 dogs (32.8%). Global clinical scores decreased significantly from baseline in all groups; there were no significant differences between groups, and non-inferiority of Fortekor Plus compared to Control I, Control II, and combined Control I + II groups was demonstrated. There were no significant differences between groups for relevant clinical chemistry and hematology variables or frequency of all adverse events. Frequency of emesis was significantly (p = 0.0042) lower in the Fortekor Plus (8.8%) group than in the Control I + II (39.4%) group. In conclusion, Fortekor Plus had non-inferior efficacy and was associated with significantly less emesis compared to Fortekor and Vetmedin in dogs with CHF caused by MMVD.

KEYWORDS:

benazepril; congestive heart failure; dogs; pimobendan

PMID:
28693297
PMCID:
PMC5799388
DOI:
10.4142/jvs.2018.19.1.117
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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