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Adv Clin Exp Med. 2017 Jul;26(4):615-619. doi: 10.17219/acem/62692.

Comparison of titanium cable tension band and nickel-titanium patella concentrator for patella fractures.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Wuxi People's Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Wuxi City, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Patellar fractures account for approximately 1% of all fractures. Due to the patella's importance as regards the extensor mechanism, effort should be made to preserve the patella. Several operative treatment methods have been introduced for patella fractures.

OBJECTIVES:

This study aims to compare the clinical effect of a titanium cable tension band and nickeltitanium (NiTi) patella concentrator (NT-PC) in treating patella fractures.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Thirty-nine patients with patella fractures were enrolled in this retrospective study. All the patients were treated via the open reduction internal fixation procedure using a titanium cable tension band or NT-PC. All the patients were followed up over an average period of 13 months. The main outcome measures were operation time, time of fracture union, postoperative complications, and Böstman knee scores. Statistical analyses were conducted between the 2 groups.

RESULTS:

All the patients were operated on successfully. The operation time of the NT-PC treatment group was less than that of the titanium cable tension band treatment group (p < 0.05). The mean scores at the final follow-up were 28.2 and 27.6 points in the titanium cable tension band and NT-PC groups, respectively. No significant difference was observed between the excellent and good results (p > 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Both titanium cable tension band and NT-PC showed good efficacy for the treatment of patellar fractures. NT-PC fixation, a new option for the treatment of patella fractures, is a simple and effective fixation method.

KEYWORDS:

clinical grading scale of Böstman; patella concentrator; patellar fracture

PMID:
28691409
DOI:
10.17219/acem/62692
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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