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Front Surg. 2017 Jun 23;4:35. doi: 10.3389/fsurg.2017.00035. eCollection 2017.

Management of Chordoma and Chondrosarcoma with Fractionated Stereotactic Radiotherapy.

Author information

1
Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, United States.
2
Department of Radiation Oncology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, United States.
3
Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, United States.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (FSRT) for chordoma and chondrosarcoma.

METHODS:

Twenty consecutive patients with a histopathologic diagnosis of chordoma (n = 16) or chondrosarcoma (n = 4) treated between 2010 and 2016 were retrospectively identified. All patients underwent FSRT in five fractions to a median dose of 37.5 Gy (range: 25-40 Gy) and followed with serial magnetic resonance imaging. Overall survival (OS), local recurrence-free survival (LRFS), and event-free survival (EFS) were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.

RESULTS:

With a median follow-up of 28 months after FSRT and 40 months after initial surgery, crude OS and LRFS were 90%. Nine patients (45%) reported grade 1-3 acute toxicity, and two patients (10%) experienced grade 4, 5 late toxicity. One patient previously treated with proton therapy died from radiation vasculopathy 9 months after FSRT. The use of FSRT for recurrent disease or in patients with prior radiation therapy was associated with significantly decreased EFS.

CONCLUSION:

FSRT for chordoma and chondrosarcoma is associated with high rates of OS and local control. Although many patients experience acute toxicity, there is a low incidence of late toxicity or irreversible treatment related morbidity despite the frequency of prior radiotherapy in this population. FSRT is an effective adjuvant or salvage treatment for chordoma and chondrosarcoma.

KEYWORDS:

CyberKnife; chondrosarcoma; chordoma; fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy; stereotactic body radiotherapy

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