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Cell. 2017 Jul 13;170(2):284-297.e18. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2017.06.015. Epub 2017 Jul 6.

Distinct Ventral Pallidal Neural Populations Mediate Separate Symptoms of Depression.

Author information

1
Neurosciences Graduate Program, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA USA; Neurobiology Section, Division of Biological Sciences, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA USA.
2
Neurobiology Section, Division of Biological Sciences, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA USA.
3
Biomedical Sciences Graduate Program, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA USA.
4
Neurosciences Graduate Program, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA USA; Neurobiology Section, Division of Biological Sciences, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA USA; Biomedical Sciences Graduate Program, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA USA. Electronic address: bklim@ucsd.edu.

Abstract

Major depressive disorder (MDD) patients display a common but often variable set of symptoms making successful, sustained treatment difficult to achieve. Separate depressive symptoms may be encoded by differential changes in distinct circuits in the brain, yet how discrete circuits underlie behavioral subsets of depression and how they adapt in response to stress has not been addressed. We identify two discrete circuits of parvalbumin-positive (PV) neurons in the ventral pallidum (VP) projecting to either the lateral habenula or ventral tegmental area contributing to depression. We find that these populations undergo different electrophysiological adaptations in response to social defeat stress, which are normalized by antidepressant treatment. Furthermore, manipulation of each population mediates either social withdrawal or behavioral despair, but not both. We propose that distinct components of the VP PV circuit can subserve related, yet separate depressive-like phenotypes in mice, which could ultimately provide a platform for symptom-specific treatments of depression.

KEYWORDS:

depression; equine infectious anemia virus; neural circuits; parvalbumin; social defeat stress; susceptibility; ventral pallidum

PMID:
28689640
PMCID:
PMC5621481
DOI:
10.1016/j.cell.2017.06.015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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