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Body Image. 2017 Sep;22:87-96. doi: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.06.004. Epub 2017 Jul 6.

#fitspo or #loveyourself? The impact of fitspiration and self-compassion Instagram images on women's body image, self-compassion, and mood.

Author information

1
Centre for Appearance Research, University of the West of England, United Kingdom. Electronic address: amy.slater@uwe.ac.uk.
2
Centre for Appearance Research, University of the West of England, United Kingdom.

Abstract

This study experimentally examined the impact of exposure to fitspiration images and self-compassion quotes on social media on young women's body satisfaction, body appreciation, self-compassion, and negative mood. Female undergraduate students (N=160) were randomly assigned to view either Instagram images of fitspiration, self-compassion quotes, a combination of both, or appearance-neutral images. Results showed no differences between viewing fitspiration images compared to viewing neutral images, except for poorer self-compassion among those who viewed fitspiration images. However, women who viewed self-compassion quotes showed greater body satisfaction, body appreciation, self-compassion, and reduced negative mood compared to women who viewed neutral images. Further, viewing a combination of fitspiration images and self-compassion quotes led to positive outcomes compared to viewing only fitspiration images. Trait levels of thin-ideal internalisation moderated some effects. The findings suggest that self-compassion might offer a novel avenue for attenuating the negative impact of social media on women's body satisfaction.

KEYWORDS:

Body appreciation; Body image; Fitspiration; Instagram; Self-compassion; Social Media

PMID:
28689104
DOI:
10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.06.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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