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Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract. 2017 Aug;33(2):397-416. doi: 10.1016/j.cveq.2017.03.007.

Foal Fractures: Osteochondral Fragmentation, Proximal Sesamoid Bone Fractures/Sesamoiditis, and Distal Phalanx Fractures.

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Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, C3-101 Vet Med Center, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA. Electronic address:


Foals are susceptible to many of the same types of fractures as adult horses, often secondary to external sources of trauma. In addition, some types of fractures are specific to foals and occur routinely in horses under 1 year of age. These foal-specific fractures may be due to the unique musculoskeletal properties of the developing animal and may present with distinct clinical signs. Treatment plans and prognoses are tailored specifically to young animals. Common fractures not affecting the long bones in foals are discussed in this article, including osteochondral fragmentation, proximal sesamoid bone fractures/sesamoiditis, and distal phalanx fractures.


Coffin bone; Distal phalanx; Foal; Fracture; Musculoskeletal; Sesamoid; Sesamoiditis

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