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Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2017 Aug;18(12):1243-1260. doi: 10.1080/14656566.2017.1351946. Epub 2017 Jul 14.

Cardiovascular disease prevention strategies for type 2 diabetes mellitus.

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a Second Department of Propaedeutic Internal Medicine , Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Hippocration Hospital , Thessaloniki , Greece.
b Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine , University of Catania , Catania , Italy.
c First Cardiology Clinic , National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Hippokration Hospital , Athens , Greece.
d Department of Clinical Biochemistry , Royal Free Hospital Campus, University College London Medical School, University College London (UCL) , London , UK.



Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with several cardiovascular (CV) risk factors such as insulin resistance, obesity, hypertension, dyslipidaemia, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease as well as platelet and haemostatic abnormalities increasing the risk of thrombosis. Therefore, T2DM patients are at an increased risk for CV disease (CVD). Areas covered: This narrative review discusses the treatment of T2DM. This includes lifestyle measures (diet, exercise and smoking cessation) as well as hypolipidaemic, antihypertensive, weight reducing, antiplatelet and glucose lowering drugs. The focus is on the effects of these therapeutic strategies on CVD risk. Randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs) reporting CVD outcomes with such drugs in T2DM patients are also reviewed. Expert opinion: Apart from current guidelines, the findings of RCTs on CVD outcomes in T2DM patients should be taken into consideration in daily clinical practice. Multiple risk factors should be targeted simultaneously in such high-risk patients in order to efficiently reduce the risk of CV events.


Type 2 diabetes mellitus; antidiabetic drugs; antihypertensive; antiplatelet drugs; cardiovascular risk; hypolipidaemic drugs

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