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Sensors (Basel). 2017 Jul 6;17(7). pii: E1582. doi: 10.3390/s17071582.

Optimizing the MAC Protocol in Localization Systems Based on IEEE 802.15.4 Networks.

Author information

1
Departament d'Informàtica, Universitat de València, Avd. de la Universitat, 46100 Burjassot, Spain. juan.j.perez@uv.es.
2
Departament d'Informàtica, Universitat de València, Avd. de la Universitat, 46100 Burjassot, Spain. jclaver@uv.es.
3
Departament d'Informàtica, Universitat de València, Avd. de la Universitat, 46100 Burjassot, Spain. Santiago.Ezpeleta@uv.es.

Abstract

Radio frequency signals are commonly used in the development of indoor localization systems. The infrastructure of these systems includes some beacons placed at known positions that exchange radio packets with users to be located. When the system is implemented using wireless sensor networks, the wireless transceivers integrated in the network motes are usually based on the IEEE 802.15.4 standard. But, the CSMA-CA, which is the basis for the medium access protocols in this category of communication systems, is not suitable when several users want to exchange bursts of radio packets with the same beacon to acquire the radio signal strength indicator (RSSI) values needed in the location process. Therefore, new protocols are necessary to avoid the packet collisions that appear when multiple users try to communicate with the same beacons. On the other hand, the RSSI sampling process should be carried out very quickly because some systems cannot tolerate a large delay in the location process. This is even more important when the RSSI sampling process includes measures with different signal power levels or frequency channels. The principal objective of this work is to speed up the RSSI sampling process in indoor localization systems. To achieve this objective, the main contribution is the proposal of a new MAC protocol that eliminates the medium access contention periods and decreases the number of packet collisions to accelerate the RSSI collection process. Moreover, the protocol increases the overall network throughput taking advantage of the frequency channel diversity. The presented results show the suitability of this protocol for reducing the RSSI gathering delay and increasing the network throughput in simulated and real environments.

KEYWORDS:

MAC; fingerprinting; localization; multi-channel; wireless sensor networks

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