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Child Abuse Negl. 2017 Aug;70:315-330. doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2017.06.023. Epub 2017 Jul 3.

A systematic review of risk and protective factors associated with family related violence in refugee families.

Author information

1
DIGNITY-Danish Institute Against Torture, Bryggervangen 55, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address: isabelle.timshel@gmail.com.
2
DIGNITY-Danish Institute Against Torture, Bryggervangen 55, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address: em@dignityinstitute.dk.
3
Department of Psychology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address: nina.dalgaard@psy.ku.dk.

Abstract

The current systematic review summarizes the evidence from studies examining the risk and protective factors associated with family related violence in refugee families. Data included 15 peer-reviewed qualitative and quantitative studies. In order to gain an overview of the identified risk and protective factors an ecological model was used to structure the findings. At the individual level, parental trauma experiences/mental illness, substance abuse and history of child abuse were found to be risk factors. Family level risk factors included parent-child interaction, family structure and family acculturation stress. At the societal level low socioeconomic status was identified as a risk factor. Cultural level risk factors included patriarchal beliefs. Positive parental coping strategies were a protective factor. An ecological analysis of the results suggests that family related violence in refugee families is a result of accumulating, multiple risk factors on the individual, familial, societal and cultural level. The findings suggest that individual trauma and exile related stress do not only affect the individual but have consequences at a family level. Thus, interventions targeting family related violence should not only include the individual, but the family.

KEYWORDS:

Family related violence; PTSD; Refugee; Trauma

PMID:
28683372
DOI:
10.1016/j.chiabu.2017.06.023
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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