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G Ital Nefrol. 2017 Mar;34(Suppl 69):150-161.

[CKD-MBD, cardiovascular involvement and prognosis].

[Article in Italian]

Author information

U.O.C. di Nefrologia, Dialisi, Ospedale Sant'Anna-Como, ASST-Lariana, Como, Italy.
Department of Health Sciences, Renal Division, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Italy.


Chronic low-grade inflammation is emerging as the pathophysiological mechanism underlying of the several chronic degenerative diseases. Atherosclerosis, inflammation and oxidative stress are some of the issues that arise from the general context of chronic inflammation. In this manuscript we analyzed the role of the immune system, metabolism and inflammation's molecular mediators in order to show an overview about only apparently different problems. Finally, we proposed some possible solutions to improve the survival and quality of life of patient with chronic kidney disease.


CKD-MBD treatment; calcium and phosphate balance; parathyroid hormone; vitamin D

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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