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J Cell Biochem. 2018 Jul;119(7):5082-5103. doi: 10.1002/jcb.26266. Epub 2018 Apr 6.

Toxicity of chemotherapy regimens in advanced and metastatic pancreatic cancer therapy: A network meta-analysis.

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Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Jiangxi Pingxiang People's Hospital, Pingxiang, P. R. China.


This network meta-analysis is adopted in order to compare the toxicity of different chemotherapy regimens in the treatment of advanced/metastatic pancreatic cancer (PC). Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about different chemotherapy regimens for advanced/metastatic PC were included in this network meta-analysis using Cochrane Library and PubMed electronic databases. The network meta-analysis was performed to combine direct and indirect evidence in order to calculate the odd ratios (OR) and draw a surface under the cumulative ranking (SUCRA) curve. A total of 19 RCTs were enrolled in this network meta-analysis including 12 chemotherapy regimens (Gemcitabine, Gemcitabine + S-1 [tegafur], Gemcitabine + nab-paclitaxel, Gemcitabine + Capecitabine, Gemcitabine + Cisplatin, FOLFIRINOX [oxaliplatin + irinotecan + fluorouracil + leucovorin], Gemcitabine + oxaliplatin, Gemcitabine + irinotecan, Gemcitabine + Exatecan, Gemcitabine + pemetrexed, Gemcitabine + 5-FU, S-1). The incidence of anemia of Gemcitabine + Capecitabine regimen was higher compared with Gemcitabine regimen, Gemcitabine + pemetrexed regimen exhibited the highest incidence rates of anemia and neutropenia; while Gemcitabine + S-1, Gemcitabine + Cisplatin and FOLFIRINOX regimens exhibited the highest incidence rates of neutropenia. However, S-1 regimen exhibited lower incidence rates of leukopenia and thrombocytopenia. Moreover, the incidence rates of nausea/vomiting and rash of Gemcitabine + S-1 regimen were higher compared with Gemcitabine regimen, while Gemcitabine + Cisplatin regimen had the highest incidence rate of nausea/vomiting. This study demonstrated that the hematologic toxicity of S-1 regimen was the lowest, while Gemcitabine regimen exhibited the lowest incidence rate of non-hematologic toxicity, providing guidance for the treatment of advanced/metastatic PC.


chemotherapy; network meta-analysis; pancreatic cancer; randomized controlled trial; toxicity

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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