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J Med Biochem. 2017 Apr 22;36(2):127-136. doi: 10.1515/jomb-2017-0007. eCollection 2017 Apr.

The Effect of Early Substitution of Subclinical Hypothyroidism on Biochemical Blood Parameters and the Quality of Life.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Military Medical Academy, Belgrade, Serbia.
2
Department of Urgent Internal Medicine, Military Medical Academy, Belgrade, Serbia.
3
Clinic for Thoracic Surgery, Military Medical Academy, Belgrade, Serbia.
4
Primary Medical Centre »Dr Simo Milošević«, Belgrade, Serbia.
5
Department of Radiology, Military Medical Academy, Belgrade, Serbia.
6
Institute for Medical Statistics and Informatics, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia.
7
Clinic for Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases, Clinical Center of Serbia, University of Belgrade School of Medicine, Belgrade, Serbia.

Abstract

in English, Serbian

BACKGROUND:

Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) is defined as high TSH and normal thyroxine. Data on the effects of early substitution by levothyroxine on psychophysical health in SCH are still not consistent enough to support its introduction.

METHODS:

Clinical parameters, biochemical data and quality of life (Short Form 36 questionnaire) were measured before the intervention and 3 months after the euthyroid state had been achieved in SCH patients.

RESULTS:

Significant reduction in body weight (p=0.030), systolic and diastolic blood pressure (p=0.024, p=0.019), homocysteine (p<0.001), leukocytes and neutrophils (p=0.011, p=0.001), INR (p=0.049), K levels (p=0.040, p=0.013), HbA1c (p=0.001), fasting insulin (p<0.001) and insulin resistance measured by HOMA index (p<0.001), lipid parameters (total cholesterol (p<0.001), LDL-cholesterol (p<0.001), triglycerides (p=0.007), apoB (p=0.022), Lp(a) (p<0.001), LDL/HDL (p=0.008), LAP (p=0.04) and apoB/apoA1 ratios (p<0.023)), TSH (p<0.001) and tAbs (p<0.001) was recorded. Frequency of fatty liver (20% to 2.9%, p=0.016), hyperlipidemia (85% to 65.7%, p=0.001) and metabolic syndrome (34.3% to 2.9%, p=0.070) significantly decreased. A statistically significant positive association was found between the average dose of levothyroxine and changes in physical functioning (r=0.391, p=0.020), vitality (r=0.393, p=0.020), mental health (r=0.374, p=0.027) and overall dimensions of mental health (r=0.376, p=0.026). With increasing doses of levothyroxine, the previously listed scores of SF 36 grew (r=0.296, p=0.084).

CONCLUSIONS:

Early substitution of SCH improved the many clinical and biochemical parameters related to cardiovascular risk. Quality of life was also improved, and correlated only with thyroxine doses suggesting an indirect relationship between the degree of hypothyroidism and quality of life.

KEYWORDS:

biochemical parameters; early T4 substitution; quality of life; subclinical hypothyroidism

Conflict of interest statement

Conflict of interest statement: The authors stated that they have no conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this article.

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