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Sci Rep. 2017 Jul 5;7(1):4734. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-04366-5.

Lactate dehydrogenase A promotes the invasion and proliferation of pituitary adenoma.

Author information

1
Multidisciplinary center for pituitary adenomas of Chongqing, Department of Neurosurgery, Xinqiao Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China.
2
Department of Neurosurgery, Lanzhou General Hospital of Chinese People's Liberation Army, Lanzhou, China.
3
Department of Biology and Biochemistry, College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, University of Houston, Texas, USA.
4
Multidisciplinary center for pituitary adenomas of Chongqing, Department of Neurosurgery, Xinqiao Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China. huiyangxinqiao@163.com.
5
Multidisciplinary center for pituitary adenomas of Chongqing, Department of Neurosurgery, Xinqiao Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China. dlisong3@163.com.

Abstract

Lactate dehydrogenase A (LDHA) has been reported to be involved in the initiation and progression of tumors. However, the potential role of LDHA in pituitary adenoma (PA) remains unknown. In this study, we showed that the expression levels of LDHA mRNA and protein were significantly elevated in invasive PA samples, and positively correlated with higher Ki-67 index. Overexpression of LDHA in a PA cell line (GH3) promoted glucose uptake through the upregulation of glucose transporter-1 (Glut1), lactate secretion and induced cellular invasion by upregulation of matrix metalloproteinase2 (MMP2). LDHA also promoted GH3 cell proliferation through induction of cell cycle progression via activation of the Akt-GSK-3β-cyclinD1 pathway. Accordingly, oxamate-induced inhibition of LDHA suppressed glucose uptake, lactate secretion, invasion and proliferation in GH3 cells via down regulation of Glut1 and MMP2 expression and inhibition of the Akt-GSK-3β-cyclinD1 pathway. Moreover, oxamate induced GH3 cell apoptosis by increasing mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. In vivo, LDHA overexpression promoted tumor growth, and oxamate delayed tumor growth. In primary PA cell cultures, oxamate also effectively suppressed invasion and proliferation. Our data indicate that LDHA is involved in promoting the progression of PA, and oxamate might be a promising therapeutic agent for the treatment of PA.

PMID:
28680051
PMCID:
PMC5498590
DOI:
10.1038/s41598-017-04366-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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