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Lupus. 2018 Feb;27(2):283-289. doi: 10.1177/0961203317719147. Epub 2017 Jul 5.

Impact of systemic lupus erythematosus on oral health-related quality of life.

Author information

1
1 Department of Oral Pathology and Surgery, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.
2
2 Department of Locomotor System, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.
3
3 Department of Community and Preventive Dentistry, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.
4
4 Department of Internal Medicine, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.
5
5 Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.

Abstract

Oral symptoms in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients are often unexplored and affect the health-related quality of life. The aims of this study were: (a) to evaluate the oral health condition of SLE patients compared to control subjects without rheumatic diseases; (b) to determine the consequences of oral health condition in the quality of life of these two groups. Individuals with SLE ( n = 75) and without SLE ( n = 78) (control group), paired for gender and age, underwent complete oral examination. Sociodemographic and clinical information was obtained, and interviews were conducted using the Brazilian version of the oral health impact profile. The activity and damage of SLE disease were assessed, respectively, by the systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index 2000 and the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/American College of Rheumatology damage index for systemic lupus erythematosus. When we analysed the oral health condition and hygiene habits of the participants, SLE patients exhibited an increased number of missing teeth despite their higher frequency of tooth brushing. No significant differences were verified in other habits and clinical parameters evaluated such as smoking, flossing, salivary flux, periodontitis, decayed and filled teeth. Patients with SLE presented with worse oral health-related quality of life than controls ( P = 0.011). The significant difference was on individuals' physical disability ( P = 0.002). The determinant of the negative impact on the oral health-related quality of life was prosthesis wearing ( P < 0.05). Overall, the oral health impact profile score was higher in individuals with moderate SLE damage compared to SLE individuals with no damage ( P = 0.043). Patients with SLE had a negative impact of oral condition on their quality of life. The evaluation of the oral health-related quality of life might be useful to monitor the effects of SLE on oral condition.

KEYWORDS:

Systemic lupus erythematosus; oral health; quality of life

PMID:
28679308
DOI:
10.1177/0961203317719147
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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