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Front Psychol. 2017 Jun 20;8:1027. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01027. eCollection 2017.

Thought Field Therapy Compared to Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Wait-List for Agoraphobia: A Randomized, Controlled Study with a 12-Month Follow-up.

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DPS Aust-Agder, Sørlandet HospitalArendal, Norway.
Research Institute, Modum BadVikersund, Norway.
Department of Psychology, University of OsloOslo, Norway.
Department of Psychiatry, Sørlandet HospitalArendal, Norway.
Department of Psychiatry, Sørlandet HospitalKristiansand, Norway.
Oslo Centre of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Research Support Services, Oslo University HospitalOslo, Norway.
University of Oslo, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Division of Mental Health and AddictionOslo, Norway.
Department of Behavioral Sciences in Medicine, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of OsloOslo, Norway.


Background: Thought field therapy (TFT) is used for many psychiatric conditions, but its efficacy has not been sufficiently documented. Hence, there is a need for studies comparing TFT to well-established treatments. This study compares the efficacy of TFT and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for patients with agoraphobia. Methods: Seventy-two patients were randomized to CBT (N = 24), TFT (N = 24) or a wait-list condition (WLC) (N = 24) after a diagnostic procedure including the MINI PLUS that was performed before treatment or WLC. Following a 3 months waiting period, the WL patients were randomized to CBT (n = 12) or TFT (n = 12), and all patients were reassessed after treatment or waiting period and at 12 months follow-up. At first we compared the three groups CBT, TFT, and WL. After the post WL randomization, we compared CBT (N = 12 + 24 = 36) to TFT (N = 12 + 24 = 36), applying the pre-treatment scores as baseline for all patients. The primary outcome measure was a symptom score from the Anxiety Disorders Interview Scale that was performed by an interviewer blinded to the treatment condition. For statistical comparisons, we used the independent sample's t-test, the Fisher's exact test and the ANOVA and ANCOVA tests. Results: Both CBT and TFT showed better results than the WLC (p < 0.001) at post-treatment. Post-treatment and at the 12-month follow-up, there were not significant differences between CBT and TFT (p = 0.33 and p = 0.90, respectively). Conclusion: This paper reports the first study comparing TFT to CBT for any disorder. The study indicated that TFT may be an efficient treatment for patients with agoraphobia. Trial Registration:, identifier NCT00932919.


agoraphobia; anxiety; cognitive behavioral therapy; energy psychology; psychotherapy; thought field therapy

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