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Cell Stress Chaperones. 2018 Jan;23(1):13-28. doi: 10.1007/s12192-017-0820-y. Epub 2017 Jul 3.

Characterization of the CDK5 gene in Apis cerana cerana (AccCDK5) and a preliminary identification of its activator gene, AccCDK5r1.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, College of Life Sciences, Shandong Agricultural University, Taian, Shandong, 271018, People's Republic of China.
2
College of Animal Science and Technology, Shandong Agricultural University, Taian, Shandong, 271018, People's Republic of China.
3
College of Life Sciences, Taishan Medical University, Taian, Shandong, 271016, People's Republic of China.
4
College of Animal Science and Technology, Shandong Agricultural University, Taian, Shandong, 271018, People's Republic of China. bhxu@sdau.edu.cn.
5
State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, College of Life Sciences, Shandong Agricultural University, Taian, Shandong, 271018, People's Republic of China. xqguo@sdau.edu.cn.

Abstract

Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (CDK5) is an unusual CDK whose function has been implicated in protecting the central nervous system (CNS) from oxidative damage. However, there have been few studies of CDK5 in insects. In this study, we identified the AccCDK5 gene from Apis cerana cerana and investigated its role in oxidation resistance. We found that AccCDK5 is highly conserved across species and contains conserved features of the CDK5 family. The results of qPCR analysis indicated that AccCDK5 is highly expressed during the larval and pupal stages and in the adult head and muscle. We further observed that AccCDK5 is induced by several environmental oxidative stresses. Moreover, the overexpression of the AccCDK5 protein in E. coli enhances the resistance of the bacteria to oxidative stress. The activation of CDK5 requires binding to its activator. Therefore, we also identified and cloned cyclin-dependent kinase 5 regulatory subunit 1, which we named AccCDK5r1, from Apis cerana cerana. AccCDK5r1 contains a conserved cell localization targeting domain as well as binding and activation sites for CDK5. Yeast two-hybrid analysis demonstrated the interaction between AccCDK5 and AccCDK5r1. The expression patterns of the two genes were similar after stress treatment. Collectively, these results suggest that AccCDK5 plays a pivotal role in the response to oxidative stresses and that AccCDK5r1 is a potential activator of AccCDK5.

KEYWORDS:

Apis cerana cerana; Cyclin-dependent kinase 5; Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 regulator subunit 1; Oxidative stress; Yeast two-hybrid analysis

PMID:
28674940
PMCID:
PMC5741578
DOI:
10.1007/s12192-017-0820-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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