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J Med Virol. 2017 Nov;89(11):1973-1980. doi: 10.1002/jmv.24894. Epub 2017 Aug 1.

Younger trend of cirrhosis incidence in genotype 3 HCV infected patients in Eastern China.

Author information

1
Department of Infectious Diseases, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.
2
Discipline of Pathology, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Abstract

The diversity of HCV genotypes is ever-evolving and requires continuous surveillance. The aim of this study was to investigate the dynamics of HCV genotypes, and their associated demographic and clinical patterns in China. By searching computerized hospital information system, a total of 1155 HCV-positive patients eligible for analysis were retrospectively identified from 12ā€‰380 consecutive in-patients in the Department of Infectious Diseases, Ruijin Hospital in China between 2009 and 2014. The percentages of HCV genotype 1, 2, 3, or 6 were 61.3%, 12.8%, 18.5%, or 7.4%, respectively. The number of patients hospitalized for HCV infection increased gradually over the study period, particularly those infected by genotype 3 HCV. Patients of genotype 1, 2, 3, or 6 were significantly different. Genotype 1 or two patients were much older, with higher proportion of blood transfusion history. In contrast, genotype 3 or six patients were younger, predominantly male, with more exposure to intravenous drug use. The cirrhosis incidence was higher in genotype 1 or two patients, followed by genotype 3 and six patients. Strikingly, genotype 3 cirrhotic patients were younger, and their estimated infection durations were also shorter, suggestive of a faster disease progression in genotype 3 patients. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that presence of HBcAb was an independent predictor of cirrhosis (OR 2.19, 95%CI 1.27-3.42; Pā€‰=ā€‰0.004). The leading increase and the younger trend of cirrhosis incidence in genotype 3 patients argue for a higher priority to manage the infection in this highly at-risk population.

KEYWORDS:

China; HCV; cirrhosis; distribution; epidemiology; genotype 3

PMID:
28671305
DOI:
10.1002/jmv.24894
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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