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Elife. 2017 Jul 3;6. pii: e26196. doi: 10.7554/eLife.26196.

A hierarchical, retinotopic proto-organization of the primate visual system at birth.

Author information

1
Department of Neurobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, United States.

Abstract

The adult primate visual system comprises a series of hierarchically organized areas. Each cortical area contains a topographic map of visual space, with different areas extracting different kinds of information from the retinal input. Here we asked to what extent the newborn visual system resembles the adult organization. We find that hierarchical, topographic organization is present at birth and therefore constitutes a proto-organization for the entire primate visual system. Even within inferior temporal cortex, this proto-organization was already present, prior to the emergence of category selectivity (e.g., faces or scenes). We propose that this topographic organization provides the scaffolding for the subsequent development of visual cortex that commences at the onset of visual experience.

KEYWORDS:

hierarchy; neuroscience; proto-organization; retinotopy; rhesus macaque; vision; visual development

PMID:
28671063
PMCID:
PMC5495573
DOI:
10.7554/eLife.26196
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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