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Congenit Anom (Kyoto). 2018 Jan;58(1):29-32. doi: 10.1111/cga.12234. Epub 2017 Aug 1.

SIX3 deletions and incomplete penetrance in families affected by holoprosencephaly.

Author information

1
Medical Genetics Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.
2
Minnesota Perinatal Physicians, Allina Health, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.
3
Office of the Clinical Director, National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.
4
Division of Medical Genetics, Department of Pediatrics, Loma Linda University Children's Hospital, Loma Linda, California, USA.

Abstract

Holoprosencephaly (HPE) is failure of the forebrain to divide completely during embryogenesis. Incomplete penetrance has not been reported previously in SIX3 whole gene deletions, which are known to cause HPE. Both chromosomal microarray and whole exome sequencing (WES) were used to evaluate families with inherited HPE. Two families showed inherited deletions that contain SIX3 and were incompletely penetrant for HPE. Using WES, we ruled out parental mosaicism, a SIX3 hypomorph, and clinically significant variants in genes that are known to interact with SIX3 as causes of incomplete penetrance. We demonstrate the importance of molecular cascade testing in families with HPE and we answer important questions about incomplete penetrance.

KEYWORDS:

SIX3 deletion; holoprosencephaly; incomplete penetrance

PMID:
28670735
PMCID:
PMC5750110
DOI:
10.1111/cga.12234
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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