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Korean J Radiol. 2017 Jul-Aug;18(4):699-709. doi: 10.3348/kjr.2017.18.4.699. Epub 2017 May 19.

Efficacy of Maximum Intensity Projection of Contrast-Enhanced 3D Turbo-Spin Echo Imaging with Improved Motion-Sensitized Driven-Equilibrium Preparation in the Detection of Brain Metastases.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam 13620, Korea.
2
Department of Radiology, Kyung Hee University College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University Hospital, Seoul 02447, Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the diagnostic benefits of 5-mm maximum intensity projection of improved motion-sensitized driven-equilibrium prepared contrast-enhanced 3D T1-weighted turbo-spin echo imaging (MIP iMSDE-TSE) in the detection of brain metastases. The imaging technique was compared with 1-mm images of iMSDE-TSE (non-MIP iMSDE-TSE), 1-mm contrast-enhanced 3D T1-weighted gradient-echo imaging (non-MIP 3D-GRE), and 5-mm MIP 3D-GRE.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

From October 2014 to July 2015, 30 patients with 460 enhancing brain metastases (size > 3 mm, n = 150; size ≤ 3 mm, n = 310) were scanned with non-MIP iMSDE-TSE and non-MIP 3D-GRE. We then performed 5-mm MIP reconstruction of these images. Two independent neuroradiologists reviewed these four sequences. Their diagnostic performance was compared using the following parameters: sensitivity, reading time, and figure of merit (FOM) derived by jackknife alternative free-response receiver operating characteristic analysis. Interobserver agreement was also tested.

RESULTS:

The mean FOM (all lesions, 0.984; lesions ≤ 3 mm, 0.980) and sensitivity ([reader 1: all lesions, 97.3%; lesions ≤ 3 mm, 96.2%], [reader 2: all lesions, 97.0%; lesions ≤ 3 mm, 95.8%]) of MIP iMSDE-TSE was comparable to the mean FOM (0.985, 0.977) and sensitivity ([reader 1: 96.7, 99.0%], [reader 2: 97, 95.3%]) of non-MIP iMSDE-TSE, but they were superior to those of non-MIP and MIP 3D-GREs (all, p < 0.001). The reading time of MIP iMSDE-TSE (reader 1: 47.7 ± 35.9 seconds; reader 2: 44.7 ± 23.6 seconds) was significantly shorter than that of non-MIP iMSDE-TSE (reader 1: 78.8 ± 43.7 seconds, p = 0.01; reader 2: 82.9 ± 39.9 seconds, p < 0.001). Interobserver agreement was excellent (κ > 0.75) for all lesions in both sequences.

CONCLUSION:

MIP iMSDE-TSE showed high detectability of brain metastases. Its detectability was comparable to that of non-MIP iMSDE-TSE, but it was superior to the detectability of non-MIP/MIP 3D-GREs. With a shorter reading time, the false-positive results of MIP iMSDE-TSE were greater. We suggest that MIP iMSDE-TSE can provide high diagnostic performance and low false-positive rates when combined with 1-mm sequences.

KEYWORDS:

3 tesla; Brain; Magnetic resonance imaging; Neoplasm metastasis

PMID:
28670165
PMCID:
PMC5447646
DOI:
10.3348/kjr.2017.18.4.699
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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