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Pathol Oncol Res. 2018 Jul;24(3):515-524. doi: 10.1007/s12253-017-0262-y. Epub 2017 Jul 1.

Distribution of Vascular Patterns in Different Subtypes of Renal Cell Carcinoma. A Morphometric Study in Two Distinct Types of Blood Vessels.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine and Odontology, University of Valencia, Avda. Blasco Ibañez n° 15, CP, 46010, Valencia, Spain. Amparo.Ruiz-Sauri@uv.es.
2
INCLIVA, Biomedical Research Institute, Valencia, Spain. Amparo.Ruiz-Sauri@uv.es.
3
Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine and Odontology, University of Valencia, Avda. Blasco Ibañez n° 15, CP, 46010, Valencia, Spain.
4
Department of Pathology, University Clinical Hospital, Valencia, Spain.

Abstract

To analyze the presence of mature and immature vessels as a prognostic factor in patients with renal cell carcinoma and propose a classification of renal cancer tumor blood vessels according to morphometric parameters. Tissue samples were obtained from 121 renal cell carcinoma patients who underwent radical nephrectomy. Staining with CD31 and CD34 was used to differentiate between immature (CD31+) and mature (CD34+) blood vessels. We quantified the microvascular density, microvascular area and different morphometric parameters: maximum diameter, minimum diameter, major axis, minor axis, perimeter, radius ratio and roundness. We found that the microvascular density was higher in CD31+ than CD34+ vessels, but CD34+ vessels were larger than CD31+ vessels, as well as being strongly correlated with the ISUP tumor grade. We also identified four vascular patterns: pseudoacinar, fascicular, reticular and diffuse. Pseudoacinar and fascicular patterns were more frequent in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (37.62 and 35.64% respectively), followed by reticular pattern (21.78%), while in chromophobe tumors the reticular pattern predominated (90%). The isolated pattern was present in all papillary tumors (100%). In healthy renal tissue, the pseudoacinar and isolated patterns were differentially found in the renal cortex and medulla respectively. We defined four distinct vascular patterns significantly related with the ISUP tumor grade in renal cell carcinomas. Further studies in larger series are needed in order to validate these results. Analysis of both mature and immature vessels (CD34+ and CD31+) provides additional information when evaluating microvascular density.

KEYWORDS:

CD31; CD34; Chromophobe renal cell carcinoma; Clear cell renal cell carcinoma; Microvascular area; Microvascular density; Morphometry; Papillary renal cell carcinoma; Renal vascular patterns

PMID:
28669081
DOI:
10.1007/s12253-017-0262-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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