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Infect Genet Evol. 2017 Oct;54:138-145. doi: 10.1016/j.meegid.2017.06.025. Epub 2017 Jun 28.

Babesia bovis BOV57, a Theileria parva P67 homolog, is an invasion-related, neutralization-sensitive antigen.

Author information

1
National Research Center for Protozoan Diseases, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Obihiro, Hokkaido 080-8555, Japan.
2
National Research Center for Protozoan Diseases, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Obihiro, Hokkaido 080-8555, Japan. Electronic address: yokoyama@obihiro.ac.jp.

Abstract

Babesia bovis BOV57, which is a homolog of the Theileria parva vaccine candidate antigen P67, is expressed in both the tick and blood stages of the life cycle of this parasite. However, the vaccine potential of BOV57 remained to be investigated. In the present study, we generated recombinant BOV57 (rBOV57) and prepared polyclonal antibodies against rBOV57 in mice and rabbits. Indirect immunofluorescence assays conducted with the mouse anti-rBOV57 antibody demonstrated that BOV57 localized at the apical end of paired merozoites in infected bovine red blood cells, whereas the antigen was found in the parasite membrane around the apical end of intraerythrocytic single and extracellular merozoites. In an invasion-inhibition assay, the rabbit anti-rBOV57 antibody potentially inhibited RBC invasion of B. bovis merozoites in vitro. In addition, the invasion inhibition mediated by rabbit anti-rBOV57 antibody resulted in a reduced growth rate of B. bovis in the in vitro culture. These findings indicated that B. bovis BOV57 plays a critical role in the invasion of merozoites into red blood cells, suggesting its potential as a subunit vaccine candidate against B. bovis infection in cattle. Furthermore, we analyzed the genetic diversity of bov57 gene sequences isolated from Sri Lanka, Mongolia, the Philippines, and Vietnam. The bov57 gene sequences derived from Mongolia, the Philippines, and Vietnam were conserved, whereas insertion and/or deletion mutations resulted in sequence diversity among the Sri Lankan samples. In summary, BOV57 is an invasion-related, neutralization-sensitive antigen encoded by the bov57 gene, which displays higher sequence diversity than previously reported.

KEYWORDS:

BOV57; Babesia bovis; Genetic diversity; Neutralization sensitive

PMID:
28668608
DOI:
10.1016/j.meegid.2017.06.025
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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