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Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol. 1985 Dec;3(2):195-9.

A report of three cases of AIDS in Thailand.


Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) has been rarely reported as occurring primarily in Asia. We report here on first three cases of AIDS diagnosed at Chulalongkorn Hospital Medical School. One case was an American who had been in Thailand for two years; the other two were Thai. The American and one of the Thai patients were male homosexuals but they had no connection with one another. The latter Thai male homosexual had sexual contact with a German man who showed no evidence of the disease. The other Thai patients was the mistress of the male Thai patient, which underlies the importance of heterosexual transmission of the disease. The two male patients had opportunistic infections whereas the female patient had only generalised lymphadenopathy (Pre-AIDS). Delayed type hypersensitivity response, T-cell subsets enumeration and the in vitro T-cell mitogen response served as diagnostic tools when combined with the clinical history. The diagnosis was made even before the results of tests to determine the presence of antibodies to HTLV-III were known. The presence of anti-HTLV-III simply confirmed our diagnosis.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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