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Sci Rep. 2017 Jun 30;7(1):4416. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-03733-6.

Post-secretional activation of Protease IV by quorum sensing in Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Pusan National University, Busan, 609-735, South Korea.
2
Department of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Pusan National University, Busan, 609-735, South Korea. joonhee@pusan.ac.kr.

Abstract

Protease IV (PIV), a key virulence factor of Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a secreted lysyl-endopeptidase whose expression is induced by quorum sensing (QS). We found that PIV expressed in QS mutant has severe reduction of activity in culture supernatant (CS), even though it is overexpressed to high level. PIV purified from the QS mutant (M-PIV) had much lower activity than the PIV purified from wild type (P-PIV). We found that the propeptide cleaved from prepro-PIV was co-purified with M-PIV, but never with P-PIV. Since the activity of M-PIV was restored by adding the CS of QS-positive and PIV-deficient strain, we hypothesized that the propeptide binds to and inhibits PIV, and is degraded to activate PIV by a QS-dependent factor. In fact, the CS of the QS-positive and PIV-deficient strain was able to degrade the propeptide. Since the responsible factor should be a QS-dependently expressed extracellular protease, we tested QS-dependent proteases of P. aeruginosa and found that LasB (elastase) can degrade the propeptide and activate M-PIV. We purified the propeptide of PIV and confirmed that the propeptide can bind to and inhibit PIV. We suggest that PIV is post-secretionally activated through the extracellular degradation of the propeptide by LasB, a QS-dependent protease.

PMID:
28667333
PMCID:
PMC5493658
DOI:
10.1038/s41598-017-03733-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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