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J Clin Diagn Res. 2017 May;11(5):OD20-OD21. doi: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/26205.9902. Epub 2017 May 1.

Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding Due to Idiopathic Oesophageal Ulceration in the Era of HAART: A Vanishing yet Pernicious Aetiology.

Author information

1
Fellow, Department of Gastroenterology, The Brooklyn Hospital Center, Brooklyn, New York, USA.
2
Attending Physician, Department of Gastroenterology, SBH Health System, Bronx, New York, USA.
3
Attending Physician, Department of Gastroenterology, The Brooklyn Hospital Center, Brooklyn, New York, USA.

Abstract

Oesophageal ulcers are a rare cause of upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding (GIB). In patients with Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), oesophageal diseases including oesophageal ulcers are very common. Idiopathic Oesophageal Ulcers (IOU) comprises a subgroup of oesophageal ulcers with no identifiable cause. IOU mainly present as odynophagia, retrosternal chest pain, decreased oral intake, and weight loss. Upper GIB is a rare presentation. In the era of Highly Active Anti Retroviral Therapy (HAART), with improvement in CD4 count, this entity is almost forgotten.

KEYWORDS:

Acquired immune deficiency syndrome; Anti retroviral therapy; Human immunodeficiency virus; Ulcer

PMID:
28658836
PMCID:
PMC5483738
[Available on 2017-07-01]
DOI:
10.7860/JCDR/2017/26205.9902

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