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J Psychoactive Drugs. 2017 Sep-Oct;49(4):352-361. doi: 10.1080/02791072.2017.1342154. Epub 2017 Jun 28.

Recovery Housing: Evolving Models to Address Resident Needs.

Author information

a Research Scientist , Alcohol Research Group, Public Health Institute , Emeryville , CA , USA.
b Senior Scientist , Alcohol Research Group, Public Health Institute , Emeryville , CA , USA.
c Research Associate , Alcohol Research Group, Public Health Institute , Emeryville , CA , USA.
d Doctoral Candidate , The Heller School for Social Policy and Management, Brandeis University , Waltham , MA , USA.


Recovery housing is a service delivery modality that simultaneously addresses the social support and housing needs of those in recovery from substance use disorders. This article describes a group of recovery homes in Texas (N = 10) representing a lesser-studied type of recovery housing, one which explicitly bridges treatment and peer support by providing a variety of recovery support services. All residents meet with a recovery coach, undergo regular drug screening, and have access to intensive outpatient treatment-a program that was developed specifically to support the needs of residents in the homes. Unlike the Oxford HouseTM model and California sober living houses, which are primarily financed through resident fees, these homes are supported through a mix of resident fees as well as private and public insurance. While adhering to some aspects of the social model of recovery, none of these homes would meet criteria to be considered a true social model program, largely because residents have a limited role in the governance of the homes. Residences like the ones in this study are not well-represented in the literature and more research is needed.


Addiction; recovery; recovery housing; recovery residences; recovery support services; sober living

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