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J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2017 Jun;31 Suppl 4:31-43. doi: 10.1111/jdv.14319.

Minimum standards on prevention, diagnosis and treatment of occupational and work-related skin diseases in Europe - position paper of the COST Action StanDerm (TD 1206).

Author information

1
Department of Occupational Medicine and Epidemiology, National Institute of Occupational Health, Oslo, Norway.
2
Department of Dermatology, University Allergy Center, University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus, Technical University Dresden, Dresden, Germany.
3
Department of Occupational and Environmental Diseases, AP-HP, Paris Descartes University, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France.
4
Laboratoire Santé Publique et Environnement, Paris, France.
5
Institute of Environmental Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Dermatology, Stockholm, Sweden.
6
Department for Education and Information, Croatian Institute for Health Protection and Safety at Work, Zagreb, Croatia.
7
Fedris, Agence Fédérale des risques professionnels, Brussels, Belgium.
8
Clinic of Dermatology, University Hospital and Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.
9
Unit for Occupational and Environmental Health, Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health, Zagreb, Croatia.
10
Department of Dermatology, University Hospital of Erlangen, Erlangen, Germany.
11
Institute for Occupational Health of Republic of Macedonia, Skopje, Macedonia.
12
Institut Hospital del Mar d'Investigacions Mèdiques (IMIM), CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Barcelona, Spain.
13
Department of Dermatology and Allergology, VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
14
Department of Dermatology, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.
15
Department of Dermatology, Environmental Medicine, University of Osnabrück, Osnabrück, Germany.
16
Institute for Interdisciplinary Dermatological Prevention and Rehabilitation (iDerm) at the University of Osnabrück, Lower-Saxony Institute of Occupational Dermatology (NIB), Osnabrück, Germany.
17
Department of Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology, Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen/Nürnberg, Erlangen, Germany.
18
Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds, UK.
19
Department of Dermatology, Hospital del Mar, Institut Mar d´Investigacions Mèdiques (IMIM), Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Skin diseases constitute up to 40% of all notified occupational diseases in most European countries, predominantly comprising contact dermatitis, contact urticaria, and skin cancer. While insufficient prevention of work-related skin diseases (WRSD) is a top-priority problem in Europe, common standards for prevention of these conditions are lacking.

OBJECTIVE:

To develop common European standards on prevention and management of WRSD and occupational skin diseases (OSD).

METHOD:

Consensus amongst experts within occupational dermatology was achieved with regard to the definition of minimum evidence-based standards on prevention and management of WRSD/OSD.

RESULTS:

By definition, WRSDs/OSDs are (partially or fully) caused by occupational exposure. The definition of OSD sensu stricto additionally includes diverging national legal requirements, with an impact on registration, prevention, management, and compensation. With the implementation of the classification of WRSD/OSD in the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) 11th Revision in future, a valid surveillance and comparability across countries will be possible. Currently, WRDS and OSD are still under-reported. Depending on legislation and regulations, huge differences exist in notification procedures in Europe, although notification is crucial to prevent chronic and relapsing disease. Facilities for early diagnosis, essential for individual patient management, should be based on existing guidelines and include a multidisciplinary approach. Patch testing is essential if contact dermatitis persists or relapses. Workplace exposure assessment of WRSD/OSD requires full labelling of product ingredients on material safety data sheets helping to identify allergens, irritants and skin carcinogens. Comparable standards in primary, secondary and tertiary prevention must be established in Europe to reduce the burden of WRSD/OSD in Europe.

CONCLUSION:

The adoption of common European standards on prevention of WRSD/OSD will contribute to reduce the incidence of OSD and their socio-economic burden.

PMID:
28656728
DOI:
10.1111/jdv.14319
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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