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Child Abuse Negl. 2017 Aug;70:274-282. doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2017.06.018. Epub 2017 Jun 24.

A study of associations among attachment patterns, maltreatment, and behavior problem in institutionalized children in Japan.

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Kwansei Gakuin University, Department of Psychology, School of Humanities, 1-155 Uegahara Ichiban-cho, Nishinomiya 662-8501, Japan. Electronic address:
Kansai University of Welfare Sciences, Department of Social Welfare, 3-11-1 Asahigaoka, Kashihara city, Osaka 582-0026, Japan. Electronic address:
Fukuyama University, Department of Humanities, Gakuen-cho 1banchi Sanzou, Fukuyama city 729-0292, Japan. Electronic address:


The present study investigates the relationships among children's history of maltreatment, attachment patterns, and behavior problems in Japanese institutionalized children. Twenty-nine children (12 boys and 17 girls) from three different institutions in the Kinki area (Western part of Japan) participated in this study. Their average age was 6. 41-years (ranging from 4 to 10). Thirteen of the children (44.8%) had history of maltreatment before they were institutionalized. Children's attachment was assessed by the Attachment Doll Play Assessment (George & Solomon, 1990, 1996, 2000). The child's main caregiver answered the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL; Archenbach, 1991) to identify children's behavior problems. Results indicated a significant relationship between maltreatment history and attachment pattern. The relationship between attachment pattern and behavior problem was also confirmed. Implications and limitations of this study were discussed.


Attachment; Behavioral problems; Institutionalized children; Japanese sample; Maltreatment

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