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Public Health Nutr. 2017 Sep;20(13):2406-2415. doi: 10.1017/S1368980017001276. Epub 2017 Jun 27.

Identifying attributes of food literacy: a scoping review.

Author information

1
1Haliburton,Kawartha,Pine Ridge District Health Unit,200 Rose Glen Road,Port Hope,ON,Canada,L1A 3V6.
2
2Middlesex-London Health Unit,London,ON,Canada.
3
3City of Hamilton Public Health Services,Hamilton,ON,Canada.
4
4Perth District Health Unit,Stratford,ON,Canada.
5
5Chatham-Kent Health Unit,West Chatham,ON,Canada.
6
6Simcoe Muskoka District Health Unit,Barrie,ON,Canada.
7
7EXEP Consulting Inc.,Calgary,AB,Canada.
8
8School of Public Health and Health Systems,University of Waterloo,Waterloo,ON,Canada.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

An absence of food literacy measurement tools makes it challenging for nutrition practitioners to assess the impact of food literacy on healthy diets and to evaluate the outcomes of food literacy interventions. The objective of the present scoping review was to identify the attributes of food literacy.

DESIGN:

A scoping review of peer-reviewed and grey literature was conducted and attributes of food literacy identified. Subjects included in the search were high-risk groups. Eligible articles were limited to research from Canada, USA, the UK, Australia and New Zealand.

RESULTS:

The search identified nineteen peer-reviewed and thirty grey literature sources. Fifteen identified food literacy attributes were organized into five categories. Food and Nutrition Knowledge informs decisions about intake and distinguishing between 'healthy' and 'unhealthy' foods. Food Skills focuses on techniques of food purchasing, preparation, handling and storage. Self-Efficacy and Confidence represent one's capacity to perform successfully in specific situations. Ecologic refers to beyond self and the interaction of macro- and microsystems with food decisions and behaviours. Food Decisions reflects the application of knowledge, information and skills to make food choices. These interdependent attributes are depicted in a proposed conceptual model.

CONCLUSIONS:

The lack of evaluated tools inhibits the ability to assess and monitor food literacy; tailor, target and evaluate programmes; identify gaps in programming; engage in advocacy; and allocate resources. The present scoping review provides the foundation for the development of a food literacy measurement tool to address these gaps.

KEYWORDS:

Attributes; Food literacy; Food skills; Scoping review

PMID:
28653598
DOI:
10.1017/S1368980017001276
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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