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J Pediatr. 2017 Sep;188:57-63. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2017.05.065. Epub 2017 Jun 23.

Cycling to School and Body Composition, Physical Fitness, and Metabolic Syndrome in Children and Adolescents.

Author information

1
Center of Studies in Physical Activity Measurements, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universidad del Rosario, Bogotá, Colombia. Electronic address: robin640@hotmail.com.
2
Faculty of Physical Activity and Science, University of Santiago, Chile, Santiago, Chile.
3
Research Center in Physical Activity, Health, and Leisure, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal.
4
Research Center in Physical Activity, Health, and Leisure, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal; Early Start Research Institute, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Education, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia.
5
Center of Studies in Physical Activity Measurements, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universidad del Rosario, Bogotá, Colombia.
6
PROFITH Research Group, Department of Physical Education and Sport, School of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the association between cycling to/from school and body composition, physical fitness, and metabolic syndrome among a sample of Colombian children and adolescents.

STUDY DESIGN:

During the 2014-2015 school year, we examined a cross-sectional component of the Association for muscular strength with early manifestation of cardiovascular disease risk factors among Colombian children and adolescents (FUPRECOL) study. Participants included 2877 youths (54.5% girls) from Bogota, Colombia. A self-reported questionnaire was used to measure the frequency and mode of commuting to school. Four components of physical fitness were measured: (1) anthropometric (height, weight, body mass index, and waist circumference); (2) musculoskeletal (handgrip and standing long jump test); (3) motor (speed-agility test; 4 × 10-meter shuttle run); and (4) cardiorespiratory (20-m shuttle run test [20mSRT]). The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was determined by the definitions provided by the International Diabetes Federation.

RESULTS:

Twenty-three percent of the sample reported commuting by cycle. Active commuting boys had a likelihood of having an unhealthy 4 × 10 m value (OR, 0.72; 95% CI, 0.53-0.98; P = .038) compared with the reference group (passive commuters). Active commuting girls showed a lower likelihood of having unhealthy a 20mSRT value (OR, 0.81; 95% CI, 0.56-0.99; P = .047) and metabolic syndrome (OR, 0.61; 95% CI, 0.35-0.99; P = .048) compared with passive commuters.

CONCLUSION:

Regular cycling to school may to be associated with better physical fitness and a lower incidence of metabolic syndrome than passive transport, especially in girls.

KEYWORDS:

active commuting to school; cardiometabolic risk factors; obesity; physical fitness; youth

PMID:
28651798
DOI:
10.1016/j.jpeds.2017.05.065
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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