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J Colloid Interface Sci. 2017 Nov 1;505:631-641. doi: 10.1016/j.jcis.2017.06.069. Epub 2017 Jun 20.

Carbon-coated ZnO mat passivation by atomic-layer-deposited HfO2 as an anode material for lithium-ion batteries.

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Department of Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials Engineering, Sejong University, 209, Neungdong-ro, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul 05006, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:


ZnO has had little consideration as an anode material in lithium-ion batteries compared with other transition-metal oxides due to its inherent poor electrical conductivity and large volume expansion upon cycling and pulverization of ZnO-based electrodes. A logical design and facile synthesis of ZnO with well-controlled particle sizes and a specific morphology is essential to improving the performance of ZnO in lithium-ion batteries. In this paper, a simple approach is reported that uses a cation surfactant and a chelating agent to synthesize three-dimensional hierarchical nanostructured carbon-coated ZnO mats, in which the ZnO mats are composed of stacked individual ZnO nanowires and form well-defined nanoporous structures with high surface areas. In order to improve the performance of lithium-ion batteries, HfO2 is deposited on the carbon-coated ZnO mat electrode via atomic layer deposition. Lithium-ion battery devices based on the carbon-coated ZnO mat passivation by atomic layer deposited HfO2 exhibit an excellent initial discharge and charge capacities of 2684.01 and 963.21mAhg-1, respectively, at a current density of 100mAg-1 in the voltage range of 0.01-3V. They also exhibit cycle stability after 125 cycles with a capacity of 740mAhg-1 and a remarkable rate capability.


Atomic layer deposition; Hafnium oxide; Lithium-ion batteries; Mat; Zinc oxide


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