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Nanomedicine. 2017 Oct;13(7):2371-2384. doi: 10.1016/j.nano.2017.06.011. Epub 2017 Jun 23.

Pulmonary delivery of synergistic combination of fluoroquinolone antibiotic complemented with proteolytic enzyme: A novel antimicrobial and antibiofilm strategy.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmaceutics, Bombay College of Pharmacy, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
2
Department of Pharmaceutics, Bombay College of Pharmacy, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India; College of Pharmacy, University of Minnesota, Duluth, Minnesota, USA.
3
Department of Pharmaceutics, Bombay College of Pharmacy, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. Electronic address: mangal.nagarsenker@gmail.com.

Abstract

Bacterial resistance remains a major hindrance in treatment with antimicrobial agents. Therefore, we assessed the improved antimicrobial and antibiofilm activity of Levofloxacin (LFX) and Serratiopeptidase (SRP) combinations in in vitro microbiological studies. Further, pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic studies of liposomal LFX in combination with SRP (LFX liposome-SRP) were performed in S. aureus infected rats. LFX at sub-MIC with SRP eradicated >90% of the preformed biofilm. The entrapment efficiency of LFX in liposome was >80% and the co-spray dried product had MMAD <5 μm. We observed high LFX concentration in the lung (3.39 μg/ml over 3 h) and AUC/MIC ≥100. In a pharmacodynamic study, untreated infected rat lungs demonstrated higher mRNA expression for inflammatory markers, cytokine levels and microbial load compared to control. Conversely, LFX liposome-SRP significantly abated these adverse repercussions. Histological findings were also in agreement with these observations. Furthermore, our findings corroborate exhibited improved antibiofilm and antimicrobial efficacy of LFX liposome-SRP in treating S. aureus infection.

KEYWORDS:

Antibiotic; Biofilm; Enzyme; Liposome; Resistance; Staphylococcus aureus

PMID:
28648640
DOI:
10.1016/j.nano.2017.06.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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