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Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2017 Sep;274(9):3485-3495. doi: 10.1007/s00405-017-4657-x. Epub 2017 Jun 24.

Wound healing protein profiles in the postoperative exudate of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of mandible.

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Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Dental Research Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea.
Department of Dental Hygiene, College of Health Sciences, Cheongju University, Cheongju, South Korea.
Department of Oral Pathology, College of Dentistry, Gangneung-Wonju National University, 123 Chibyun-dong, Gangneung, South Korea.


Recurrent bacterial infections in cases of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of jaw (BRONJ) frequently occur. Therefore, BRONJ are usually treated by radical saucerization followed by intensive antibiotic medications without bisphosphonate therapy. The postoperative exudate (POE) from BRONJ lesions may directly indicate the inflammatory status of osteomyelitis in patients, but so far, the POE has rarely been examined for its expression of various cytokines and wound healing proteins. A total of 27 cases of BRONJ, which involved the mandible, were selected and their individual POE collected 6 h, 1 day, and 2 days after surgical intervention was analyzed by immunoprecipitation high performance liquid chromatography (IP-HPLC). The different protein expressions in the BRONJ POE were compared with findings from ten cases of chronic mandibular osteomyelitis (CMO) exudate as the control group. For the protein expressions for inflammation, osteogenesis, and angiogenesis, in the 6 h POE sample, the BRONJ exudate exhibited more expression of IL-10, IL-28, OPG, and osteocalcin, but less expression of TNFα and LL-37 than the control. In the 1 day POE sample, the BRONJ exudate showed more expression of TNFα, IL-6, 8, 12, 28, α1-antitrypsin, VEGF-A, and VEGF-C, but less expression of CD68, lysozyme, bFGF, RANKL, bFGF, and ALP than the control. In the 2 day POE sample, the BRONJ exudate consistently showed more expression of LL-37, β-defensin-1, and VEGF-A than the control. The present BRONJ POE revealed the rapid progress of bony wound healing through increased molecular signaling for inflammation, angiogenesis, and osteogenesis compared to the control. Therefore, it was suggested that the POE obtained from the postoperative bony lesions should be collected and analyzed by the IP-HPLC method to predict the prognosis of seriously complicated inflammatory bony diseases such as BRONJ.


Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of jaw (BRONJ); Immunoprecipitation high-performance liquid chromatography (IP-HPLC); Postoperative exudate (POE); Protein expression; Wound healing proteins

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