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Nephrology (Carlton). 2017 Nov;22(11):831-837. doi: 10.1111/nep.13095.

Prognostic value of cell cycle arrest biomarkers in patients at high risk for acute kidney injury: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

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Department of Surgical Intensive Critical Unit, Beijing Chao-yang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.


Urinary tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2) and insulin-like growth factor binding protein 7 (IGFBP7) are G1 cell cycle arrest biomarkers. This systematic review aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of urinary [TIMP-2]·[IGFBP7] in patients at high risk for AKI. The MEDLINE (via PubMed), Ovid, EMBASE and Cochrane Library databases were systematically searched from inception to December 25, 2016. Original clinical studies which met the eligibility criteria were included in this study. The prognostic accuracy of urinary [TIMP-2]·[IGFBP7] for assessing the need for renal replacement therapy (RRT) and mortality was evaluated by pooled sensitivity, specificity, diagnostic odds ratio, and summary receiver operating characteristic curves. A total of four prospective cohort studies evaluating 277 patients were included. The estimated area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of urinary [TIMP-2]·[IGFBP7] for predicting the need for RRT in patients at high risk for AKI was 0.915 (standard error [SE] = 0.040). Pooled sensitivity and specificity with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI) were 0.69 (95% CI 0.53-0.82) and 0.81 (95% CI 0.75-0.86), respectively. Urinary [TIMP-2]·[IGFBP7] for mortality prediction in patients at high risk for AKI was assessed by qualitative description. Based on the above data, urinary [TIMP-2]·[IGFBP7] performs well in predicting the need for RRT and mortality in patients at high risk for AKI. However, further meta-analyses are warranted as more data become available.


Acute kidney injury; Insulin-like growth factor binding protein 7; Mortality; Renal replacement treatment; Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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