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Int J Eat Disord. 2017 Aug;50(8):942-951. doi: 10.1002/eat.22738. Epub 2017 Jun 23.

Assessment of executive functioning in binge-eating disorder independent of weight status.

Author information

1
Temple Eating Disorders Program, Department of Psychology, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 19122.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Executive functioning (EF) problems may serve as vulnerability or maintenance factors for Binge-Eating Disorder (BED). However, it is unclear if EF problems observed in BED are related to overweight status or BED status. The current study extends this literature by examining EF in overweight and normal-weight BED compared to weight-matched controls.

METHOD:

Participants were normal-weight women with BED (n = 23), overweight BED (n = 32), overweight healthy controls (n = 48), and normal-weight healthy controls (n = 29). The EF battery utilized tests from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Toolbox and Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System (D-KEFS).

RESULTS:

After controlling for years of education and minority status, overweight individuals performed more poorly than normal-weight individuals on a task of cognitive flexibility requiring generativity (p < .01), and speed on psychomotor performance tasks (p = .01). Normal-weight and overweight BED performed worse on working memory tasks compared to controls (p = .04). Unexpectedly, normal-weight BED individuals out-performed all other groups on an inhibitory control task (p < .01). No significant differences were found between the four groups on tasks of planning.

DISCUSSION:

Regardless of weight status, BED is associated with working memory problems. Replication of the finding that normal-weight BED is associated with enhanced inhibitory control is needed.

KEYWORDS:

binge-eating disorder; executive functioning; neuropsychology; normal-weight; obesity

PMID:
28644541
PMCID:
PMC5672821
DOI:
10.1002/eat.22738
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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