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Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2018 Jan;26(1):161-168. doi: 10.1007/s00167-017-4608-5. Epub 2017 Jun 22.

Post-operative rotator cuff integrity, based on Sugaya's classification, can reflect abduction muscle strength of the shoulder.

Author information

1
Centre of Shoulder Surgery, Saint-Gregoire Private Hospital Center, Saint-Grégoire, France. masahitoy@hotmail.co.jp.
2
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya City University, 1 Kawasumi, Mizuho-Cho, Mizuho-Ward, Nagoya, Aichi, 467-8601, Japan. masahitoy@hotmail.co.jp.
3
Centre of Shoulder Surgery, Saint-Gregoire Private Hospital Center, Saint-Grégoire, France.
4
Centre of Radiology, Saint-Gregoire Private Hospital Center, Saint-Grégoire, France.
5
Division of Orthopaedics and Trauma Surgery, Latour Hospital, Meyrin, Switzerland.
6
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya City University, 1 Kawasumi, Mizuho-Cho, Mizuho-Ward, Nagoya, Aichi, 467-8601, Japan.
7
Nagoya Sports Clinic, Nagoya, Japan.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is common in structural and qualitative assessment of the rotator cuff post-operatively. Rotator cuff integrity has been thought to be associated with clinical outcome. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the inter-observer reliability of cuff integrity (Sugaya's classification) and assess the correlation between Sugaya's classification and the clinical outcome. It was hypothesized that Sugaya's classification would show good reliability and good correlation with the clinical outcome.

METHODS:

Post-operative MR images were taken two years post-operatively, following arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. For assessment of inter-rater reliability, all radiographic evaluations for the supraspinatus muscle were done by two orthopaedic surgeons and one radiologist. Rotator cuff integrity was classified into five categories, according to Sugaya's classification. Fatty infiltration was graded into four categories, based on the Fuchs' classification grading system. Muscle hypotrophy was graded as four grades, according to the scale proposed by Warner. The clinical outcome was assessed according to the constant scoring system pre-operatively and 2 years post-operatively.

RESULTS:

Of the sixty-two consecutive patients with full-thickness rotator cuff tears, fifty-two patients were reviewed in this study. These subjects included twenty-three men and twenty-nine women, with an average age of fifty-seven years. In terms of the inter-rater reliability between orthopaedic surgeons, Sugaya's classification showed the highest agreement [ICC (2.1) = 0.82] for rotator cuff integrity. The grade of fatty infiltration and muscle atrophy demonstrated good agreement, respectively (0.722 and 0.758). With regard to the inter-rater reliability between orthopaedic surgeon and radiologist, Sugaya's classification showed good reliability [ICC (2.1) = 0.70]. On the other hand, fatty infiltration and muscle hypotrophy classifications demonstrated fair and moderate agreement [ICC (2.1) = 0.39 and 0.49]. Although no significant correlation was found between overall post-operative constant score and Sugaya's classification, Sugaya's classification indicated significant correlation with the muscle strength score.

CONCLUSIONS:

Sugaya's classification showed repeatability and good agreement between the orthopaedist and radiologist, who are involved in the patient care for the rotator cuff tear. Common classification of rotator cuff integrity with good reliability will give appropriate information for clinicians to improve the patient care of the rotator cuff tear. This classification also would be helpful to predict the strength of arm abduction in the scapular plane.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

IV.

KEYWORDS:

Fatty infiltration; Magnetic resonance imaging; Muscle atrophy; Rotator cuff; Rotator cuff integrity

PMID:
28643102
DOI:
10.1007/s00167-017-4608-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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