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Stress Health. 2018 Feb;34(1):127-134. doi: 10.1002/smi.2771. Epub 2017 Jun 22.

Relationships between social support and student burnout: A meta-analytic approach.

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Department of Education, Korea University, Seoul, Korea.
Counseling Psychology Program, Graduate School of Education, Hongik University, Seoul, Korea.


This study is a meta-analysis of 19 relevant studies, with 95,434 participants, investigating the relationships between various types of social support and 3 dimensions of student burnout. The overall results indicate that social support is negatively correlated with student burnout. Specifically, school or teacher supports have the strongest negative relationship to student burnout. Social supports from parents and from peers also have a significant negative relationship with student burnout. Among the 3 dimensions of student burnout, inefficacy was more strongly related to social support than emotional exhaustion or cynicism. The results of a moderation analysis suggest that the type of schools (secondary school and postsecondary school) affected the relationships between the overall social support and student burnout. We discuss the implications to ameliorate student burnout.


meta-analysis; parent support; peer support; social support; student burnout; teacher support

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