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Cell Commun Signal. 2017 Jun 21;15(1):23. doi: 10.1186/s12964-017-0177-y.

The role of JAK-STAT signaling pathway and its regulators in the fate of T helper cells.

Author information

1
ENT and Head and Neck Research Center and Department, Hazrat Rasoul Akram Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2
Department of immunology, school of medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3
Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Faculty of Allied Medical Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4
Department of immunology, school of medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Mobahar@yahoo.com.

Abstract

The Janus kinase (JAK)-signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) pathway plays critical roles in orchestrating of immune system, especially cytokine receptors and they can modulate the polarization of T helper cells. This pathway is regulated by an array of regulator proteins, including Suppressors of Cytokine Signaling (SOCS), Protein Inhibitors of Activated STATs (PIAS) and Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases (PTPs) determining the initiation, duration and termination of the signaling cascades. Dysregulation of the JAK-STAT pathway in T helper cells may result in various immune disorders. In this review, we represent how the JAK-STAT pathway is generally regulated and then in Th cell subsets in more detail. Finally, we introduce novel targeted strategies as promising therapeutic approaches in the treatment of immune disorders. Studies are ongoing for identifying the other regulators of the JAK-STAT pathway and designing innovative therapeutic strategies. Therefore, further investigation is needed.

PMID:
28637459
PMCID:
PMC5480189
DOI:
10.1186/s12964-017-0177-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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