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Plant Biotechnol J. 2018 Jan;16(1):221-233. doi: 10.1111/pbi.12762. Epub 2017 Jul 25.

MaRAP2-4, a waterlogging-responsive ERF from Mentha, regulates bidirectional sugar transporter AtSWEET10 to modulate stress response in Arabidopsis.

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Biotechnology Division, CSIR-Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (CSIR-CIMAP), Lucknow, India.
CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute (CSIR-CDRI), Lucknow, India.


As waterlogging and successive events severely influence growth and development of economically important plants, we attempted to characterize the role of a waterlogging-responsive group I (A-6) ethylene response factor (MaRAP2-4) from Mentha arvensis. Waterlogging, ethylene and methyl jasmonate rapidly induced the expression of MaRAP2-4. MaRAP2-4 interacted with multiple cis-elements like dehydration response elements (DRE1/2), anoxia/jasmonic acid response element (JARE) and GCC box showing its involvement in multiple responses. MaRAP2-4 localizes in the nucleus and acts as a transcriptional activator. Truncation and internal deletion identified a 20 amino acids potential transactivation domain (PLPSSVDAKLEAICQSLAIN) in MaRAP2-4. MaRAP2-4 transgenic Arabidopsis showed enhanced waterlogging and subsequent oxidative stress tolerance. Microarray analysis revealed that within up-regulated genes 483, 212 and 132 promoters carry either single or multiple copies of DRE, JARE and GCC cis-element/s, respectively. Within these promoters, a large section belongs to carbohydrate metabolism/transport, including many SWEET transporters. Further analysis showed MaRAP2-4 specifically targets two positions in AtSWEEET10 promoter carrying DRE and/or GCC box that might regulate carbohydrate availability and waterlogging tolerance. These results demonstrate that MaRAP2-4 is a positive regulator of waterlogging tolerance, and as energy-consuming processes such as carbohydrate biosynthesis are reduced under waterlogging-induced hypoxia, sugar transport through SWEETs may be the primary option to make sugar available to the required tissue.


DRE ; ERF ; SWEET ; Abiotic stress; Antioxidant; RAP2-4

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