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Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2017 Sep;234(17):2643-2655. doi: 10.1007/s00213-017-4665-y. Epub 2017 Jun 20.

Pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic assessment of electronic cigarettes, combustible cigarettes, and nicotine gum: implications for abuse liability.

Author information

1
RAI Services Company, 401 N. Main Street, Winston-Salem, NC, 27101, USA. stilesm@rjrt.com.
2
RAI Services Company, 401 N. Main Street, Winston-Salem, NC, 27101, USA.
3
Celerion, Lincoln, NE, USA.
4
Pinney Associates, Inc., Bethesda, MD, USA.

Abstract

RATIONALE:

Electronic cigarettes (ECs) are becoming popular alternatives for smokers, but there has been limited study of their abuse liability.

OBJECTIVES:

The objective of this study was to evaluate the abuse liability of three Vuse Solo ECs, ranging from 14 to 36 mg in nicotine content, relative to high- and low-abuse liability comparator products (usual brand combustible cigarettes and nicotine gum, respectively) in a group of 45 EC-naïve smokers.

METHODS:

Enrolled subjects' ratings of subjective effects and nicotine uptake over 6 h were used to measure abuse liability and pharmacokinetics following in-clinic use of each EC.

RESULTS:

Use of Vuse Solo resulted in subjective measures and nicotine uptake that were between those of combustible cigarettes and nicotine gum, although generally closer to nicotine gum. Compared to combustible cigarettes, use of Vuse Solo resulted in significantly lower scores in measures of product liking, positive effects, and intent to use again. These pharmacodynamic findings were consistent with the pharmacokinetic data, showing that cigarettes produced substantially faster and higher levels of nicotine uptake as compared to Vuse Solo and nicotine gum. Vuse Solo resulted in more rapid initial uptake of nicotine compared to nicotine gum, but peak concentration and long-term extent of uptake were not different or were lower with Vuse.

CONCLUSIONS:

Collectively, these findings suggest that Vuse Solo likely has an abuse liability that is somewhat greater than nicotine gum but lower than cigarettes.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02269514.

KEYWORDS:

Abuse liability; Electronic cigarettes; Nicotine pharmacokinetics; Pharmacodynamics; Product liking; Subjective measures

PMID:
28634710
PMCID:
PMC5548902
DOI:
10.1007/s00213-017-4665-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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