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Biol Psychiatry. 1985 Sep;20(9):971-9.

Selective interaction of novel anxiolytics with 5-hydroxytryptamine1A receptors.


Radioligand binding studies were used to analyze the interactions of two novel anxiolytics, buspirone and TVX Q 7821, with a series of 10 neuronal membrane receptor sites. Buspirone (IC50 = 24 nM) and TVX Q 7821 (IC50 = 9.5 nM) display the highest affinity for 5-hydroxytryptamine1A (5-HT1A) binding sites labeled by 3H-8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-pro-pylamino) tetralin (DPAT). By contrast, buspirone is 16-fold weaker at dopamine (D2) receptors (IC50 = 380 nM), whereas TVX Q 7821 is 6-fold less potent at alpha-adrenergic1 sites (IC50 = 58 nM). At the other receptors studied, buspirone and TVX Q 7821 had similar pharmacological profiles. Both agents display moderate affinity for histamine (H1), alpha-adrenergic2, and 5-HT2 binding sites. The drugs are essentially inactive at 5-HT1B, calcium channel antagonist, muscarinic cholinergic, and benzodiazepine receptors. These results suggest that the anxiolytic effects of buspirone and TVX Q 7821 may be mediated by central 5-HT1A receptors.

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