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Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2017 Aug;215:153-163. doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2017.06.013. Epub 2017 Jun 7.

Sexual dysfunction in infertile women: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, Brazil. Electronic address: carol_mendonca85@hotmail.com.
2
Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, Brazil.
3
Federal Institute Goiano, Campus Ceres, Goiás, Ceres, Brazil.
4
Araújo Jorge Hospital, Cancer Combat Association in Goiás, Goiânia, Brazil.
5
Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, School of Medicine, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, Brazil.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study aimed to assess the prevalence of sexual dysfunction and Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) score in women with infertility.

STUDY DESIGN:

A systematic search of the literature was conducted using PubMed, EMBASE, IBECS, and LILACS. The search was limited to articles published from January 2000 to September 2016, without language restriction. Data were analyzed using Stata 12.0. Random effects meta-analyses in weighted mean difference (WMD) were performed for six comparative studies (infertility versus fertility). Heterogeneity was estimated using I2. Moreover, to explore the heterogeneity sources among the studies, meta-regression analyses were also performed. Quality of evidence was assessed using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation guidelines, and risk of bias, with a graphic funnel.

RESULTS:

Meta-analysis was performed in 11 of 13 comparative studies. The result indicated a significant association between an increase in sexual dysfunction and infertility in women (WMD=-0.16, 95% confidence interval=-0.254 to -0.084, p<0.001), and high heterogeneity between studies was noted (I2=98.6%, p<0.000). Meta-regression analysis did not indicate heterogeneity (I2=0.00%). We also performed a meta-analysis of individual FSFI domains in 10 studies. Infertile women had problems with lubrication, orgasm, and satisfaction. Meta-regression analysis also showed that heterogeneity had no influence on the final results of all the analyses.

CONCLUSIONS:

Infertility was associated with an increase in female sexual dysfunction. The most affected areas of sexual function were lubrication, orgasm, and satisfaction.

KEYWORDS:

Female sexual function index; Infertility; Sexual disorder; Women

PMID:
28628848
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejogrb.2017.06.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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