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Bioelectromagnetics. 2017 Sep;38(6):466-473. doi: 10.1002/bem.22063. Epub 2017 Jun 19.

Influence of radiofrequency-electromagnetic waves from 3rd-generation cellular phones on fertilization and embryo development in mice.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Fukushima Medical University, Fukushima, Japan.
2
Department of Neurology, Fukushima Medical University, Fukushima, Japan.
3
Fukushima Global Medical Science Center, Advanced Clinical Research Center, Fukushima Medical University, Fukushima, Japan.
4
Department of Biological Sciences, Asahikawa Medical University, Asahikawa, Japan.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of 3rd-generation (3G) cellular phone radiofrequency-electromagnetic wave (RF-EMW) exposure on fertilization and embryogenesis in mice. Oocytes and spermatozoa were exposed to 3G cellular phone RF-EMWs, 1.95 GHz wideband code division multiple access, at a specific absorption rate of 2 mW/g for 60 min, or to sham exposure. After RF-EMW exposure, in vitro fertilization and intracytoplasmic sperm injection were performed. Rates of fertilization, embryogenesis (8-cell embryo, blastocyst), and chromosome aberration were compared between the combined spermatozoa and oocyte groups: both exposed, both non-exposed, one exposed, and the other non-exposed. Rates of fertilization, embryogenesis, and blastocyst formation did not change significantly across the four groups. Considering that the degree of exposure in the present study was ≥100 times greater than daily exposure of human spermatozoa and even greater than daily exposure of oocytes, the present results indicate safety of RF-EMW exposure in humans. Bioelectromagnetics. 38:466-473, 2017.

KEYWORDS:

chromosomal aberration; early development; in vitro fertilization; intracytoplasmic sperm injection; mobile phone

PMID:
28628221
DOI:
10.1002/bem.22063
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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