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Biotechnol Rep (Amst). 2014 Dec 13;5:77-88. doi: 10.1016/j.btre.2014.12.004. eCollection 2015 Mar.

The prospects of Jerusalem artichoke in functional food ingredients and bioenergy production.

Author information

1
Department of Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Dalhousie University, Truro, NS B2N 5E3, Canada.
2
Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Dalhousie University, Truro, NS B2N 5E3, Canada.

Abstract

Jerusalem artichoke, a native plant to North America has recently been recognized as a promising biomass for bioeconomy development, with a number of advantages over conventional crops such as low input cultivation, high crop yield, wide adaptation to climatic and soil conditions and strong resistance to pests and plant diseases. A variety of bioproducts can be derived from Jerusalem artichoke, including inulin, fructose, natural fungicides, antioxidant and bioethanol. This paper provides an overview of the cultivation of Jerusalem artichoke, derivation of bioproducts and applicable production technologies, with an expectation to draw more attention on this valuable crop for its applications as biofuel, functional food and bioactive ingredient sources.

KEYWORDS:

Bioactive ingredients; Biobutanol; Bioethanol; Functional food; Jerusalem artichoke; Lactic acid

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