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Epidemiol Infect. 2017 Sep;145(12):2582-2593. doi: 10.1017/S0950268817001169. Epub 2017 Jun 19.

Place-based social contact and mixing: a typology of generic meeting places of relevance for infectious disease transmission.

Author information

1
Department of Social and Economic Geography,Umeå University,Umeå,Sweden.
2
Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning,Linköping University,Linköping,Sweden.
3
Department of Medical and Health Sciences,Linköping University,Linköping,Sweden.
4
Department of Computer and Information Science,Linköping University,Linköping,Sweden.

Abstract

This study aims to develop a typology of generic meeting places based on social contact and mixing of relevance for infectious disease transmission. Data were collected by means of a contact diary survey conducted on a representative sample of the Swedish population. The typology is derived from a cluster analysis accounting for four dimensions associated with transmission risk: visit propensity and its characteristics in terms of duration, number of other persons present and likelihood of physical contact. In the analysis, we also study demographic, socio-economic and geographical differences in the propensity of visiting meeting places. The typology identifies the family venue, the fixed activity site, the family vehicle, the trading plaza and the social network hub as generic meeting places. The meeting place typology represents a spatially explicit account of social contact and mixing relevant to infectious disease modelling, where the social context of the outbreak can be highlighted in light of the actual infectious disease.

KEYWORDS:

Infectious disease; epidemiology; modelling

PMID:
28625193
DOI:
10.1017/S0950268817001169
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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