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Lancet. 1985 Jul 20;2(8447):114-8.

Age-specific differences in duration of clinical protection after vaccination with meningococcal polysaccharide A vaccine.


Sequential case-control studies were used to monitor changes in the clinical protection induced by group A meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine over a 3-year period. Overall, vaccine efficacy declined from 87% 1 year after vaccination to 70% and 54% at 2 and 3 years, respectively. When stratified by age at time of vaccination the data showed that, although vaccine efficacy remained high in children greater than or equal to 4 years of age (vaccine efficacy 85%, 74%, and 67% at 1, 2, and 3 years after vaccination, respectively), it declined dramatically in those less than 4 years of age at time of vaccination (vaccine efficacy 100%, 52%, and 8%, respectively, at 1, 2, and 3 years after vaccination). Thus, a single dose of group A meningococcal vaccine does not yield lasting clinical protection in children less than 4 years of age.

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