Send to

Choose Destination
Behav Sci (Basel). 2017 Jun 16;7(2). pii: E37. doi: 10.3390/bs7020037.

NADA Ear Acupuncture: An Adjunctive Therapy to Improve and Maintain Positive Outcomes in Substance Abuse Treatment.

Author information

Integrative Psychiatry Consultant, Keystone Substance Abuse Services, 199 S Herlong Ave, Rock Hill, SC 29732, USA.
Outpatient Psychiatry, Carolinas healthcare System BH, Charlotte 501 Billingsley Road, Charlotte, NC 28211, USA.
Professor of Sociology, Winthrop University, 334 Kinard Hall, Rock Hill, SC 29730, USA.
NCC Executive Director Keystone Substance Abuse Services, PO Box4437/199 S. Herlong Avenue, Rock Hill, SC 29732, USA.
Acupuncture Solutions, 220 Freeman Farm Road, Duncan, SC 29334, USA.


The National Acupuncture Detoxification Association protocol (NADA) is an adjunctive therapy using 1 to 5 invariant ear acupuncture/acupressure points. This is a randomized prospective study to determine if NADA plus traditional treatment enhance outcomes: quality of life, depression, anxiety and abstinence from substance abuse. There were 100 patients enrolled in the Keystone Substance Abuse Services-Winthrop University Department of Sociology and Anthropology NADA study. All patients completed Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-7), Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire (Q-LES) prior to starting the program and at program completion. Patients self-reported alcohol, tobacco, and drug use prior to starting the program at program completion and at 3 and 6 month follow- up. Patient characteristics are predictive of completion versus non-completion when race, criminal history and initial drug test is considered. Those identified as nonwhite, (p < 0.05) and patients with positive initial drug test, (p < 0.01) were more likely to complete treatment in the NADA group. Also, among patients with criminal history a higher percentage failed to complete the program in the control group (p < 0.05). Participation in NADA positively associated with Q-LES score (p < 0.05), feeling better about oneself and improved energy (p < 0.05), likelihood of employment upon discharge (p < 0.05), and decreased alcohol use at 3 month follow up (p < 0.05) and 6-month follow-up (p < 0.01). NADA group reported less tobacco use at 6 months (p < 0.05).


The National Acupuncture Detoxification Association protocol (NADA); acudetox; addiction; behavioral health; ear acupuncture; substance abuse

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI) Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center